GLOBAL WEATHER HIGHLIGHTS

 

AUGUST 2001

 

NORTH AMERICA

 

Central United States and Eastern Canada

 

Unusually warm weather, characterized by large weekly departures of 6C to 11C (12F-22F) above normal dominated northeastern Canada while temperatures were generally 3C to 6C (6F-12F)above normal across the northern and central Plains and western Great Lakes. Readings were generally within 3C (6F) of normal elsewhere. The mercury soared above 40C (104F) in northwestern Texas and the western portion of Oklahoma and Kansas. 

 

Eastern

 

Temperatures averaging 2C to 6C (4F-12F) above normal prevailed across the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, with locally higher departures of up to 8C (16F) were reported in parts of southern Ontario. The mercury soared to 40C (104F) in the vicinity of New York City. 

 

UNITED STATES

California

 

Temperatures averaged 2C to 3C (4F-6F) below normal from the Pacific Coast eastward to the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range.

 

Western United States and Southwestern Canada

 

Temperatures averaging 2C to 5C (4F-10F) above normal combined with gusty winds and low relative humidities to aggravate seasonal dryness, especially in the northwestern United States, where wildfires were occurring. Highs exceeded 40C (104F) at a few locations in the northern California interior.

 

Northeastern 

 

Scattered moderate to heavy showers dropped 25 to 100 mm (1.00-1.00) of rain on northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin, engendering significant flash flooding in the vicinity of Chicago, IL. Similar totals were reported in parts of New England, the mid-Atlantic, and central Appalachians. Meanwhile, less than 25 mm (1.00) of rain fell on the remainder of the area.

 

Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada

 

Moderate to heavy showers 50 to 125 mm (2.00-5.00) brought limited relief to north-central Pennsylvania and the Atlantic Seaboard, but less than 50 mm (2.00) fell on the remainder of the region during the third week.

 

South-Central 

 

Little or no rain fell on Texas, Oklahoma, and adjacent parts of Kansas, Missouri, and Arkansas again last week. Short-term moisture deficits of 50 to 150 mm (2.00-6.00) dominated the region.

 

Mexico and South-Central United States

 

Except for isolated light to moderate rain showers of 25 to 50 mm (1.00-2.00) in parts of Texas and Mexico, less than 25 mm (1.00) of rain was measured across the region.

 

CENTRAL AMERICA

 

Raibfall of 25 and 50 mm (1.00-2.00) of rain fell on much of the region, with totals approaching 100 mm (4.00) in Honduras.

 

SOUTH AMERICA

Central 

 

Rainfall as light, less than 10 mm (.40) dominated Paraguay, northern Argentina, and adjacent areas of Brazil and Uruguay.

 

Temperatures averaged 5C to 8C (10F-16F) above normal across eastern Paraguay, southern Brazil, and most of Uruguay while weekly departures of 2C to 4C (4F-8F) prevailed across the rest of the region during the third week. The mercury soared above 30C (86F) across Paraguay and parts of southern Brazil.

 

East-Central South America

 

Moderate to heavy rain of 25 to 100 mm (1.00-2.00) soaked central and western

Uruguay and northeastern Argentina during the past week.

 

EUROPE 

 

Temperature averaged 2C to 6C (4F-12F) above normal across a large part of Europe from France, Germany, and the Baltic Sea southeastward to the Caspian Sea. Readings also averaged 2C to 5C (4F-10F) above normal during the first week across Turkey southward to Israel, Jordan, and northern Iraq. 

 

East-Central Europe

 

Thunderstorms again brought moderate rains (25 to 80 mm) to southern Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia. Little or no rain fell on the remainder of the region, easing recent wetness.

 

AFRICA

Africa

 

Temperatures averaged 2C to 4C (4F-8F) above normal across eastern Namibia,

Botswana, Zimbabwe, and northern South Africa, with subfreezing lows occurring

throughout South Africa.

 

Western 

 

Rainfall amounts of 25 to 100 mm (1.00-2.00) of rain fell on the western Sahel region, precipitation totals for the last 4 to 5 weeks were in the lowest 10% of the climatological distribution.

 

Southern 

 

During the week of the 19th temperatures averaged 3C to 4C (6F-8F) across southern Namibia and western South Africa while departures were generally 2C to 3C (4F-6F) prevailed elsewhere.

 

RUSSIA

Eastern Siberia

 

Little or no rain fell again across northeastern Siberia, with the exception of scattered moderate showers. Rainfall of up to 60 mm (2.40) fell across the southern portions of the area.

 

ASIA

Northeastern

 

Temperature averaged 2C to 7C (4F-14F) persisted over an area extending from eastern Siberia southward into north-central China. The mercury reached 35C (95F) as far north as Yakutsk, Russia.

 

East-Central Asia

 

Thunderstorms brought moderate to heavy rains of 50 to 230 mm (2.00-9.20) to parts of the region extending from China's Sichuan and Guizhou Provinces northeastward to southern and central Japan. Some of the heavy rains in eastern China were fueled by the remnants of Typhoon Toraji.

 

Northern 

 

Temperatures averaged 2C to 5C (4F-10F) above normal across an area extending from northwestern Siberia southeastward to northern Manchuria and southeastern Siberia. The mercury reached 31C (88F) as far north as Acinsk, Russia.

 

Japan

 

Typhoon Pabuk swept northward into Japan with high wind and torrential rain. Precipitation amounts of 100 to 200 mm (4.00-8.00) drenched the eastern coast of Kyushu, Shikoku, and eastern Honshu. According to press reports, the storm killed or injured dozens of people, interrupted transportation, and caused power outages.

 

AUSTRALIA

Southeastern 

 

Rainfall of 10 and 50 mm (.40-2.00) with isolated higher amounts of up to 100 mm (4.00) of rain fell on southwestern Victoria and northwestern Tasmania, but the remainder of southeastern Australia received little or none.

 

Northern 

 

Temperatures averaged 2C to 4C (4F-8F) below normal across much of Queensland and Northern Territory. The mercury failed to reach 30C (86F) in central and southern Northern Territory and the southern and eastern portions of Queensland.