GLOBAL CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

 

JANUARY 2001

 

NORTH AMERICA

 

Eastern 

 

Little or no precipitation fell across the region, except for light to moderate amounts of 10 to 50 mm (.40-2.00) along and east of the western foothills of the Appalachians.

 

Alaska and Northwestern Canada

 

Temperatures averaged 6C to 17C (12F-34F) above normal across much of Alaska and northwestern Canada. The mercury climbed above freezing across southern Alaska while highs of -1C to -10C (30F-14F) prevailed elsewhere.

 

UNITED STATES

California

 

No precipitation was reported across most of California, with only light amounts of less than 10 mm (.40) felling in higher elevations of the Sierra Nevada.

 

Eastern and South-Central United States

 

Temperatures averaged 6C to 9C (12F-18F) below normal across the southeastern United States while weekly departures of 3C to 6C (6F-12F) below normal during the first week dominated the southern Plains, Ohio River Valley, and mid-Atlantic. Lows dipped below -10C (14F) as far south as east-central Mississippi and northern Alabama while the mercury plummeted below -20C (-4F) in northeastern Oklahoma and northwestern Arkansas.

 

Northwestern

 

Precipitation of less than 25 mm (1.00) of precipitation fell on most of the region during the third week as unusually dry conditions redeveloped. Only a few favored coastal locations received 25 to 100 mm )1.00-4.00) of precipitation.

 

South-Central United States

 

Rainfall of 50 and 200 mm (2.00)-8.00) fell across eastern Texas and adjacent parts of Louisiana and Arkansas during the third week.

 

 

SOUTH AMERICA

East-Central Argentina

 

Little or no rain fell on western Buenos Aires and eastern La Pampa provinces of

east-central Argentina during the first week.

 

Southern

 

Extreme Southern South America

 

Rainfall of more than 100 mm (4.00) drenched the area during the last week.

 

EUROPE

Western 

 

Torrential rains of 100 to 200 mm (4.00-8.00) drenched extreme western France, northwestern Spain, and the northern half of Portugal, with amounts of 25 to 100 mm (1.00-4.00) fell on the eastern fringes of the region.

 

Southern Europe, Southwestern Asia, and Northern Africa

 

During the first week, temperatures averaged 2C to 5C (4F-10F) above normal across southwestern and south-central Europe, while temperatures averaged 6C (12F) above normal in southeastern Europe, and 12C (24F) in western Kazakhstan. Meanwhile, temperatures averaged 2C to 6C (4F-12F) above normal across northern Africa. The mercury climbed above freezing throughout the region while highs soared above 20C (68F) across northern Africa and along the Mediterranean coast of southwestern and south-central Europe.

 

RUSSIA

 

Western 

 

During the last week, temperatures averaged 6C to 21C (12F-42F) below normal across the western portion of Siberia. The mercury failed to reach -20C (-4F) throughout the week while lows ranged from -30C to -53C (-22F- -53F).

 

AFRICA

Western 

 

Temperatures averaged 2C to 5C (4F-10F) above normal across western Africa, with locally higher departures of 6C to 9C (12F-18F). Highs of 30C to 39C (86F-102F) prevailed across the region while the mercury soared above 40C (104F) in parts of southern Mali.

 

Southern 

 

Rainfall of only 25 to 50 mm (1.00-2.00) fell on northern Zimbabwe and northeastern Namibia while little or none was reported elsewhere.

Rainfall of 100 and 200 mm (4.00-8.00) inundated parts of extreme northeastern Zimbabwe and extreme western Mozambique during the last week while moderate rains of 25 to 100 mm (1.00-4.00) prevailed across northern Zimbabwe and northeastern Botswana.

 

ASIA

Siberia and Northeastern China

 

Temperatures averaged 10C to 22C (20F-44F) below normal across central Siberia while readings were 6C to 10C (12F-20F) below normal across the remainder of south-central and southwestern Siberia. Meanwhile, temperatures averaged 2C to 6C (4F-12F) below normal across Manchuria. The mercury plummeted below -40C (-40F) across most of the region

 

AUSTRALIA

Northeastern 

 

Moderate to heavy rainfall of 25 to 200 mm (1.00-8.00) were restricted to the Cape York Peninsula of northeastern Queensland, but little or no rain was measured elsewhere.

 

Southeastern 

 

Rainfall of less than 25 mm (1.00) fell on eastern New South Wales as abnormal dryness developed across the region.

Little or no rain fell on New South Wales and Victoria during the third week, except for 10 to 50 mm (.40-2.00) at some coastal locations of New South Wales. The unusually dry conditions were exacerbated by very high temperatures.